Lymphoma is a cancer that involves the immune system cells, which are called lymphocytes. There are about 35 different types of cancers included under the name of lymphoma, but all affect the lymphatic system, a part of the immune system.
There are two major types of lymphoma:
- Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), which includes about 30 subtypes
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), which includes five subtypes
Of all blood cancers in the United States, lymphoma is the most common. Lymphoma can attack any age person, but is most frequently found in two age groups: young adults (16-34 years) and older people (55 years or older).
While we do not know what, exactly, causes lymphoma, some factors have been identified as higher risk:
- Age: There are about 2.4 cases per 100,000 in ages 20-24 and 46 cases per 100,000 in ages 60-64.
- Infections: Certain infections such as HIV, Epstein-Barr and hepatitis B or C may increase risk.
- Medical Conditions: Immune system conditions like HIV, autoimmune disease and inherited diseases may contribute.
- Exposure to Toxic Chemicals
- Family History of Lymphoma
Treatment for Lymphoma is usually handled by an oncologist, who specializes in cancers. The most common therapies for lymphoma are chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Sometimes biological therapy is used. The goal of treatment is complete remission.
When treatment for lymphoma is successful and a remission occurs, the oncologist will continue to treat the patient with regular office visits and testing. The survival rates for lymphoma have increased in recent years, and it is one of the most curable cancers. 80% of adults and 90% of children survive five years after treatment.
If you have questions concerning your lymphoma or other cancer and wish to apply for Social Security disability, call Keefe Disability Law in Massachusetts today toll free at 888-904-6847, or fill out the simple form on this page for a free case review.